The doughnut

Developed by Charles Handy, the doughnut is a way to help colleagues to think about what is central or core to their role, where they can be creative and use their judgement, and what is outside of their paid responsibility.

What it does

It is a way to think about and identify specific roles and responsibilities of people in a particular situation, so that people know what has to be done a particular way and where they can experiment and be creative. It also identifies what is not part of someone’s role.

How it helps

It can help to clarify the roles of the different professionals and agencies involved in supporting someone. This can feed into care and support planning, and can be used to sort roles and expectations in a team plan.

Use it now:

You can download a PDF of a Doughnut here to see how it looks, or start using one today with this free template.

Learn more:

You can learn more about the person-centred thinking tools through our online learning website,

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